Counterculture received prominence during the youth rebellion of the 1960s and early 1970s. Counterculture in 19th century Europe included the traditions of Romanticism and Bohemianism.
Counterculture is a set of cultural ideas that, to some extent, differ from and conflict with, those generally upheld in the society.
Hippies are a classic example of American counterculture. The hippy counterculture was in reaction to the problems of institutionalized American society.
The term counterculture is close in meaning to subculture, but the concept of counterculture stresses the idea of an open and active opposition to dominant cultural values.
A counterculture develops when members of groups identify common values that distinguish them from others.
Counterculture groups may be based on common appearance, ethnic group, sexuality, status or social behavior.
Cultural equivalent of political opposition, the term
counterculture is used to describe cultural groups whose values and behavioral norms run
counter to those of the social mainstream of the day.
Counterculture is generally used to describe a theological,
cultural, attitudinal or material position that does not conform to accepted societal
Counterculture to Cyberculture: Stewart
Brand, the Whole Earth Network,
and the Rise of Digital Utopianism. - by Fred Turner
Nation of Rebels: Why
Counterculture Became Consumer Culture, Joseph
Heath, Andrew Potter
from Underground: Rock Music Counterculture in Russia -
(Sociology of Culture)
Counterculture and Social Transformation: Essays on Negativistic Themes in Sociological Theory - Seymour Leventman, Edward A. Tiryakian, Social Forces, Vol. 63, No. 1 (Sep., 1984)
The Survival of a Counterculture: Ideological Work and Everyday Life Among Rural Communards - Bennett M. Berger, Todd Gitlin, The American Journal of Sociology, (Jan., 1983)