Sociology Index

CORRESPONDENCE PRINCIPLE

Correspondence principle is the concept that aspects of a society's culture and social structure have a complementary fit or integration between them. Correspondence principle has been extensively used in the sociology of education to analyze and describe the way that schools and other institutions socialize and educate individuals to take places in a structure of social inequality.

Correspondence principle or correspondence thesis is a sociological theory that claims a close relationship between social standing and the educational system. Correspondence principle is the theory that the relationship between a person’s social standing and the type of education that is received at school.

According to correspondence principle, the social relations of the school can be directly related to those in the work-place. Apart from the formal curriculum that is offered by the school, correspondence principle argues that the structure of the school and also the hidden curriculum is important to their future socialization.

Correspondence principle is also aligned with the conflict theory approach to sociology which states that there is a social class division in capitalist society, between capitalists, owning the means of production, and workers, who sell their labor power to the capitalists.

Correspondence principle also advances a neo-Marxist argument about the specific nature of the institutional linkages in the family, school, and work "chain".

Sociologists who support correspondence principle argue that education is just a means of maintaining social class boundaries.