Sociology Index

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Corrado Gini

Corrado Gini (23 May 1884 – Rome, 13 March 1965) was an Italian statistician, demographer and sociologist who developed the Gini Coefficient, a measure of the income inequality in a society. Gini was a proponent of organicism and applied it to nations. Corrado Gini's organicist theories of nations and natality are believed to have influenced policies of Italian Fascism. A eugenicist, Gini led an expedition to survey Polish populations, among them the Karaites. Gini was throughout the 20s a supporter of fascism, and expressed his hope that Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy would emerge as victors in WW2. However, he never supported any measure of exclusion of the Jews. Corrado Gini was a proponent of organicism and saw nations as organic in nature. Corrado Gini was one among distinguished sociologists.

Gini shared the view held by Oswald Spengler that populations go through a cycle of birth, growth, and decay. Gini claimed that nations at a primitive level have a high birth rate, but, as they evolve, the upper classes birth rate drops while the lower class birth rate, while higher, will inevitably deplete as their stronger members emigrate, die in war, or enter into the upper classes. If a nation continues on this path without resistance, Corrado Gini claimed the nation would enter a final decadent stage where the nation would degenerate as noted by decreasing birth rate, decreasing cultural output, and the lack of imperial conquest. The decadent nation with its aging population can be overrun by a more youthful and vigorous nation. - Aaron Gillette. Racial theories in fascist Italy. London, England, UK; New York, New York, USA.