Sociology Index

Conservation Movement

The conservation movement began with John Evelyn's work Sylva. Conservation movement was one of the most highly influential texts on forestry. Evelyn advocated the importance of conserving the forests by managing the rate of depletion and ensuring trees get replenished. The conservation movement developed with scientific forestry methods during the 18th century in Prussia and France. These methods were first applied in India. The conservation movement was an early ecological idea in order to preserve the growth of delicate teak trees. Concerns over teak depletion led to the first formal conservation Act, which prohibited the felling of small teak trees.



The conservation movement received a setback when laissez-faire economics and complaints from private landowners brought these early conservation attempts to an end. The conservation movement is a political, environmental and social movement that seeks to protect natural resources for the future. The early conservation movement included fisheries and wildlife management, water and sustainable forestry. The conservation movement is part of the far reaching environmental movement.

The conservation movement was also known as nature conservation and social movement which was meant to protect natural resources including animal and plant species. The early conservation movement included fisheries, wildlife, and sustainable forestry. The contemporary conservation movement now includes preservation of biodiversity.