Sociology Index

Conservation Movement

The conservation movement began with John Evelyn's work Sylva. It was one of the most highly influential texts on forestry. Evelyn advocated the importance of conserving the forests by managing the rate of depletion and ensuring trees get replenished.

The conservation movement developed with scientific forestry methods during the 18th century in Prussia and France. These methods were first applied in India. This early ecological idea was in order to preserve the growth of delicate teak trees. Concerns over teak depletion led to the first formal conservation Act, which prohibited the felling of small teak trees.

This promising start received a setback when laissez-faire economics and complaints from private landowners brought these early conservation attempts to an end. The conservation movement is a political, environmental and a social movement that seeks to protect natural resources for the future.

The early conservation movement included fisheries and wildlife management, water and sustainable forestry. Conservation movement has broadened from the early movement's emphasis on use of sustainable yield of natural resources and preservation of wilderness areas to include preservation of biodiversity. The conservation movement is part of the far-reaching environmental movement.