The conservation movement began with John Evelyn's work Sylva. Conservation movement was one of the most highly influential texts on forestry. Evelyn advocated the importance of conserving the forests by managing the rate of depletion and ensuring trees get replenished. The conservation movement developed with scientific forestry methods during the 18th century in Prussia and France. These methods were first applied in India. The conservation movement was an early ecological idea in order to preserve the growth of delicate teak trees. Concerns over teak depletion led to the first formal conservation Act, which prohibited the felling of small teak trees.
The conservation movement was also known as nature conservation and social movement which was meant to protect natural resources including animal and plant species. The early conservation movement included fisheries, wildlife, and sustainable forestry. The contemporary conservation movement now includes preservation of biodiversity.