Sociology Index

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Conservation Movement

The conservation movements are environmental, and social movements that aims to protect natural resources including animal and plant species including their habitat for the future. Conservation movement was one of the most highly influential texts on forestry. The conservation movement developed with scientific forestry methods during the 18th century in Prussia and France. The conservation movement was an early ecological idea in order to preserve the growth of delicate teak trees. Concerns over teak depletion led to the first formal conservation Act, which prohibited the felling of small teak trees. The conservation movement, also known as nature conservation. President Theodore Roosevelt was a leader in the Conservation Movement fighting to end the waste of natural resources and conservation was a cornerstone of his domestic policy during his presidency. The conservation movement received a setback when laissez-faire economics and complaints from private landowners brought these early conservation attempts to an end. The conservation movement began with John Evelyn's work Sylva. John Evelyn advocated the importance of conserving the forests by managing the rate of depletion and ensuring trees get replenished. These methods were first applied in India. America has been the context for both the origins of conservation history.The ideas of Sir Brandis, Sir William P.D. Schlich and Carl A. Schenck were also very influential - Gifford Pinchot, the first chief of the USDA Forest Service, relied heavily upon Brandis' advice for introducing professional forest management in the U.S. and on how to structure the Forest Service.

The Conservation Movement was one of the reform movements in America that emerged during the Progressive era from 1890 - 1920. The goal of the conservation movement was to preserve important natural features in America. The Conservation Movement advocated the establishment of state and national and state parks, wildlife refuges and national monuments.

Although the conservation movement developed in Europe in the 18th century in Costa Rica. Costa Rica hosts an astonishing number of species, given its size, having more animal and plant species than the US and Canada combined. - Evans, Sterling (2010-06-28). The Green Republic: A Conservation History of Costa Rica. University of Texas Press. ISBN 9780292789289.

The conservation movement was also known as nature conservation and social movement which was meant to protect natural resources including animal and plant species. The early conservation movement included fisheries, wildlife, and sustainable forestry. The contemporary conservation movement now includes preservation of biodiversity. 

The conservation movement is a political and environmental movement that seeks to protect natural resources. The early conservation movement included fisheries and wildlife management, water and sustainable forestry. The conservation movement is part of the far reaching environmental movement.

Conservation Movement
by Charles E. Roe and Karl Rohr, 2006.
Additional research provided by Dennis F. Daniels, Joan E. Freeman, Raymond L. Murray, and Nancy P. Shires.
Introduction: North Carolina's cities and towns, natural areas, and public lands have benefited greatly from conservation initiatives starting as early as the eighteenth century, but efforts to control pollution and save natural areas remain controversial as the state faces serious environmental issues and intense competition for available land.