Sociology Index


Books on Conflict Perspectives, Homophobia, Xenophobia

Conflict perspectives are sociological perspectives that focus on the inherent divisions of society with social inequality and the way these social divisions give rise to different and competing interests. Karl Marx is the father of the social conflict theory, a component of the four paradigms of sociology. Conflict perspectives are macro level analysis of society.

The central assumption in conflict perspectives is that social structures and cultural ideas tend to reflect the interests only of some members of society rather than society as a whole. Conflict perspectives are theories in sociology and social psychology that emphasize the social inequality, political inequality, or material inequality of a social group, that critique that otherwise detract from structural functionalism and ideological conservatism.

This contrasts with consensus perspectives or functionalist perspectives which assume a foundation of common interest among all members of society. Marxism and feminism are examples of conflict perspectives. Max Weber's approach to conflict is contrasted with that of Karl Marx.

Conflict perspectives highlight the ideological aspects inherent in traditional thought. Conflict perspectives draw attention to power differentials, such as class conflict, and generally contrast dominant ideology thesis. World-systems theory is also a type of conflict perspective.