Conduct Norms are specifications of proper and appropriate behavior generally supported and shared by members of a group. Societies contain different groups whose conduct norms are to some extent divergent. Conduct norms can be classified as general conduct norms and specific conduct norms. General conduct norms are acknowledged and practiced uniformly by all members of the society. Specific conduct norms are attributed to groups of people or subcultures like ethnic religious groups and secret societies.
Nurturing for careers in drug use and crime: conduct norms for children and juveniles in crack-using households. A very sizable proportion of juvenile delinquents and adult criminals come from backgrounds and family kin systems having deviant parents or kin. The concrete expectations, and actual practices called conduct norms, with which the household adults respond to or "nurture" children and juveniles are delineated. In many ways the conduct norms in crack-using households are well designed to "nurture" those persons who will be antisocial as children, later leading to juvenile delinquency as discussed in juvenilization of poverty, and become criminals, drug misusers, and prostitutes in adulthood, and who have very few chances to become conventional adults. Johnson BD, Dunlap E, Maher L. - National Development and Research Institutes, New York, New York 10048, USA.
CONDUCT NORMS AND CULTURE CONFLICT
Perceptions of Violence and Crime in an Ethnic Albanian Context
Jana Arsovska and Philippe Verduyn.
Abstract: The paper examines whether violence in contemporary Albania is a structured phenomenon linked to Albanian customary laws, such as the Kanun of Lek Dukagjini, or whether it is a product of social confusion and culture conflict. It argues that the expansion of Western legal norms in the Albanian territories has caused a culture conflict within the society, which has subsequently led to an increase in crime.
Violent values, conduct norms, and youth aggression : A multilevel study in
Iceland = Valeurs violentes, normes de conduites, et agression des jeunes en Islande.
BERNBURG Jon Gunnar, THORLINDSSON Thorolfur.
The subculture of violence approach suggests that group adherence to values and norms that encourage violence influence aggressive behavior through two analytically separate processes: (1) internalization of values encouraging violence, and (2) social control stemming from others' adherence to conduct norms. We examine the individual-level and contextual effects of values that encourage violence and perceived conduct norms on youth aggression in Iceland. The results indicate that group adherence to violent values and norms influences aggression through social control as well as internalization and socialization, lending cross-cultural support to the subculture of violence perspective.
Intergenerational Transmission of Conduct Norms
for Drugs, Sexual Exploitation and Violence: A Case Study - Eloise Dunlap, Andrew
Golub, E D. Johnson, Damaris Wesley,
The British Journal of Criminology, Vol. 42, Issue 1, pp. 1-20, 2002.
This paper examines growing up in severely-distressed households typical of many in inner-city New York where drug abuse, sexual exploitation, and violence are the norm. The continual assault on young girls often leads to mortification of self, characterized by acceptance of their situation and socialization to these behaviors in adulthood. A case study of four generations of women show that they often recapitulate the prevailing conduct norms and replicate them in the next generation. Programs are clearly needed to help ameliorate conditions in many such inner-city households, establish healthier behavioral norms, and help young girls grow into more constructive adult lifestyles.
"The Changing Conduct Norms of Use Behavior within Marijuana Subcultures", Sifaneck, Stephen., Dunlap, Eloise. and Golub, Andrew.
This presentation will explore the changing conduct norms of a new marijuana using subculture: the Hip Hop Blunt Subculture. This paper describes some of the new conduct norms followed by members of the Blunt subculture. Conduct norms regarding sharing, use/non-use, and the use of tobacco, alcohol and other drugs, and their relationship to market and policy factors will be discussed and explored.