Sociology Index


Conduct Norms are specifications of proper and appropriate behaviour generally supported and shared in by members of a group.

Societies contain different groups whose conduct norms are to some extent divergent.

Conduct norms can be classified as general conduct norms and specific conduct norms.

General conduct norms are acknowledged and practiced uniformly by all members of the society.

Specific conduct norms are attributed to groups of people or subcultures like ethnic religious groups and secret societies.

Nurturing for careers in drug use and crime: conduct norms for children and juveniles in crack-using households.

A very sizable proportion of juvenile delinquents and adult criminals come from backgrounds and family kin systems having deviant parents or kin. This paper provides a focus upon the child-rearing practices directly observed by trained ethnographer during a case study of one highly criminal, drug-using household or kin network.

The concrete expectations (and actual practices--called conduct norms--with which the household adults respond to (or "nurture") children and juveniles are delineated. In many ways the conduct norms in crack-using households are well designed to "nurture" those persons who will be antisocial as children, delinquents as juveniles, and become criminals, drug misusers, and prostitutes in adulthood--and who have very few chances to become conventional adults. - Johnson BD, Dunlap E, Maher L. - National Development and Research Institutes, New York, New York 10048, USA.

Perceptions of Violence and Crime in an Ethnic Albanian Context
Jana Arsovska and Philippe Verduyn
Abstract: The paper examines whether violence in contemporary Albania is a structured phenomenon linked to Albanian customary laws, such as the Kanun of Lek Dukagjini, or whether it is a product of social confusion and ‘culture conflict’. It argues that the expansion of Western legal norms in the Albanian territories has caused a ‘culture conflict’ within the society, which has subsequently led to an increase in crime.

Intergenerational Transmission of Conduct Norms for Drugs, Sexual Exploitation and Violence: A Case Study - Eloise Dunlap, Andrew Golub, E D. Johnson, Damaris Wesley
The British Journal of Criminology, Vol. 42, Issue 1, pp. 1-20, 2002
This paper examines growing up in severely-distressed households typical of many in inner-city New York where drug abuse, sexual exploitation, and violence are the norm. The continual assault on young girls often leads to mortification of self, characterized by acceptance of their situation and socialization to these behaviors in adulthood. A case study of four generations of women show that they often recapitulate the prevailing conduct norms and replicate them in the next generation. Programs are clearly needed to help ameliorate conditions in many such inner-city households, establish healthier behavioral norms, and help young girls grow into more constructive adult lifestyles.

"The Changing Conduct Norms of Use Behavior within Marijuana Subcultures", Sifaneck, Stephen., Dunlap, Eloise. and Golub, Andrew. Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association
This presentation will explore the changing conduct norms of a new marijuana using subculture: the Hip Hop Blunt Subculture. We will first discuss the emergence of this new subculture and how it distinguishes itself from previous marijuana using subcultures. Based on the analysis of qualitative data from direct ethnographic observations and open-ended depth interviews with 120 marijuana users in New York City, this paper will then describe some the new conduct norms followed by members of the Blunt subculture. Conduct norms regarding sharing, use/non-use, and the use of tobacco, alcohol and other drugs, and their relationship to market and policy factors will be discussed and explored.

Violent values, conduct norms, and youth aggression : A multilevel study in Iceland = Valeurs violentes, normes de conduites, et agression des jeunes en Islande
BERNBURG Jon Gunnar, THORLINDSSON Thorolfur, Sociological quarterly ISSN 0038-0253
The subculture of violence approach suggests that group adherence to values and norms that encourage violence influence aggressive behavior through two analytically separate processes: (1) internalization of values encouraging violence, and (2) social control stemming from others' adherence to conduct norms. While some attention has been paid to the former process, the research has rarely addressed the latter. We examine the individual-level and contextual effects of values that encourage violence and perceived conduct norms on youth aggression in Iceland. The results indicate that group adherence to violent values and norms influences aggression through social control as well as internalization (socialization), lending cross-cultural support to the subculture of violence perspective.