Community crime prevention is a general category of crime prevention strategies which focus on the community itself, and this general category of community crime prevention includes strategies such as developmental crime prevention, effective guardianship or situational crime prevention.
Community crime prevention programs are based on the idea that private citizens should play a critical role in preventing crime in their communities.
Community crime prevention includes media anti-drug campaigns, silent observer programs, and neighborhood dispute resolution programs. Modern community crime prevention "partnership" schemes are based on scientific assessments and are centrally coordinated. The definition of the community crime prevention program restricts its application to activities that include residents of a particular area who participate in efforts to stop crimes before they occur in that particular area. The belief that citizens have a duty to curb deviant behavior, the basis of community crime prevention is as old as recorded history.
Community crime prevention may have started in England during the eighteenth century when playwright and novelist Henry Fielding mobilized people to addressing the root causes of crime and apprehending criminals. The idea that law-abiding citizens could prevent crime in their communities through non-punitive means received popular responce in the United States in the 1930s due to the work of the Chicago School of Sociology.
The Community Safety and Crime Prevention Branch leads the development of crime prevention strategies and programs in British Columbia to help build and maintain safe communities. In the State of Hawaii, The Community Crime Prevention and Crime Prevention Branch is responsible for the planning and implementation of informational and educational workshops and activities focused on community crime prevention.
Community Crime Prevention: An Analysis of a
Dan A. Lewis, Greta Salem. First Published July 1, 1981 Research Article.
Abstract: Crime prevention strategies often aim at changing the motivations and predispositions of offenders. The authors explore the theoretical foundations of the new strategies for reducing crime, commonly known as community crime prevention. They suggest that the in novation is a result of a major shift in the research paradigm for studying the effects of crime. The orientation underlying community crime prevention is labeled the "victimization perspective." The social control perspective, which is based on the empirical findings of several recently completed research projects, offers a theoretical foundation for a fresh approach to the study of the effects of crime and for the development of policies for community crime prevention.
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