Sociology Index


Individualism, Libertarianism

Communitarianism is a philosophy or belief system which places priority on the community or on social values. Communitarianism is often contrasted to individualism or libertarianism. Communitarianism claims that meaning in individual life and individual liberty are only possible within a strong and vital community. So government policies and individual choices should be responsive to social values.

Communitarianism and professionalism: a values oriented approach to criminal justice technology - Klay, William Earle, Sewell, James D. - Publisher: Elsevier B.V., Publication Name: Technological Forecasting & Social Change. Article Abstract: Democratic communitarianism is a sociological theory that upholds the collective rights of a community which are manifested by the government. Court administrators are required to evaluate the future implications of technology in the judicial system of the succeeding generations.

Communitarianism, Sport and Social Capital - 'Neighbourly Insights into Scottish Sport' - Grant Jarvie, University of Stirling, UK - International Review for the Sociology of Sport, Vol. 38, No. 2, (2003). - This paper examines assumptions that are often associated with communitarianism as a basis for thinking about aspects of sport in Scotland. It is argued that it is unrealistic to expect sport to sustain a notion of social capital or civic engagement or communitarianism without addressing the issue of ownership, obligations and stakeholding in Scottish sport.

Progressivism as Communitarian Democracy - Robert Justin Lipkin, Widener University School of Law, Widener Law Symposium Journal, Vol. 4, P. 229, 1999
Abstract: This article formulates a progressive conception of communitarian democracy which rests upon the distinction between deliberative and dedicated conceptions of community. The distinction between deliberative and dedicated communities is relevant to the debate between liberalism and communitarianism. Typically, liberals seek deliberative communities, while communitarians seek dedicated ones. Almost every serious person is a communitarian, but some people are deliberative communitarians while others are dedicated communitarians. Communitarian democracy is an attempt to describe a deliberative community. Communitarian democrats seek freedom, equality, and solidarity for the purpose of devising joint solutions to social problems. In order to achieve this, communitarian democrats devise a civic discourse shorn of dedicated features, which values each citizen equally as a member of the community. Concerning multicultural conceptions of the right and the good, communitarian democrats can accept only those multicultural conceptions translatable into deliberative discourse. And, finally, communitarian democrats must guard against constitutional atrophy, the process by which initially deliberative structures become dedicated through lack of vigilance, criticism, and challenge. In a communitarian democracy, atrophied deliberative structures may be just as inefficient and unfair as some decidedly dedicated structures and must be similarly avoided.

Communitarianism and law and order - Gordon Hughes, The Open University
Critical Social Policy, Vol. 16, No. 49, 17-41 (1996)
This paper engages critically with the major variants of contemporary communitarian thought on crime and disorder. It begins with an assessment of the moral authoritarian communitarianism of Etzioni and Dennis. It is then argued that there are different and more radical appropriations of community associated with the work of intellectuals in Europe and Oceania beyond that of moral authoritarianism. It is argued that there are progressive as well as the already widely recognized regressive potentialities in contemporary communitarian discourses on law and order.

The Anti Communitarian Manifesto
What is the Hegelian Dialectic? and The Historical Evolution of Communitarian Thinking by Niki Raapana and Nordica Friedrich, 2003, Seattle, Wyoming, Alaska.
Abstract: Background: Communitarianism is the theory that individual rights must be balanced against the rights of the "community." The founders of the Communitarian Network began "shoring up the moral, social and political environment" in the early 1990s. Today the communitarian theory is the basis for hundreds of new global rules and regulations eliminating individual rights, yet fewer than one percent of the affected population knows about it.
There is a dedicated effort to lead the world into unknowingly accepting communitarian solutions. To understand how philosophical Communitarianism advanced itself, the authors traced it back to the original source. Using the works of the leading Communitarian theorists, they followed the path from Seattle Neighborhood Plans all the way to the International Court at the Hague.
The foundation for the communitarian theory is undisputedly the Hegelian dialectics. Theoretical analysis, i.e.. (A) Communitarianism did not evolve naturally (B) and it was never a movement that arose out of U.S. society (C) therefore, communitarianism has no natural home in the United States. Part II outlines historical events leading to the global communitarian synthesis. The changing duality of the new legal system clearly indicates Communitarianism is a criminal enterprise whose aim is to destroy all legal institutions established under national and state constitutions. Both Part I and Part II establish the aims and shared goals of the lesser arms involved in the global communitarian insurrection, showing direct ties to the War on Terror business, the European Union's integration under Communitarian Law.