Sociology Index

COLD WAR

Cold War is the name given to the mutually hostile relations after the end of World War II in 1945 between the now fallen communist systems of Eastern Europe, the Soviet Union and Asia and the world's capitalist societies and their allies led by the United States.

While Cold War was a war of propaganda, of spying, sabotage and political and economic subversion on both sides, it avoided the ‘hot war’ of direct conflict between the world's dominant military powers. The cold war reflected the new realities of the nuclear age and the catastrophic consequences of armed super power conflict. The economic and political collapse of communism ended Cold War era in international relations.

The Truman Doctrine was the result of a perceived threat of communist expansion and the policy developed from it gave shape to the cold war and the polarization of the world into peoples in the sphere of influence of the two dominant world powers (the Soviet Union and the United States).

Cold War Belligerence and U.S. Public Opinion toward Defense Spending - Christopher Witko, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill 
The relationship between political events and aggregate opinion change is complicated, and the influence of actual events, as opposed to domestic political elites' responses to those events, has seldom been analyzed. This article attempts to untangle these relationships with data examining events and statements of the political leaders (belligerence) of both the United States and the Soviet Union during the cold war. Considering the salience of the Soviet Union for domestic politics, there is reason to suspect that the public should have responded directly to Soviet actions and statements, while also reacting to U.S. belligerence. The analysis indicates that the public reacted only to changes in U.S., not Soviet, belligerence. - apr.sagepub.com/cgi/content/abstract/31/4/379

The New History of Cold War Alliances
Vojtech Mastny � Journal of Cold War Studies
Efforts to document the full histories of the Nor h Atlantic Treaty Organiza-tion (NATO) and the Warsaw Pact are still hindered by key obstacles. NATO documents from 1965 onward remain closed to researchers, as do many War-saw Pact military records that were carted off to Moscow in 1991. Despite these gaps, newly declassified materials from both East and West have shed light on how the two alliances helped shape the Cold War. This article takes note of some of the more important recent scholarship on NATO and the Warsaw Pact. - mitpressjournals.org

Caught in the Cold: International Humanitarian Law and Prisoners of War During the Cold War 
Stephanie Carvin - London School of Economic and Political Science. 
Despite humanitarian rhetoric, or even genuine concern for making war more humane during the Cold War, international humanitarian law (IHL) was inevitably used as a tool through which one could score political points. This can especially be seen in the case of Prisoners of War (POWs) whose good treatment and release were governed by expediency and usefulness rather than any form of overarching spirit of humanitarianism. This article will look at the way POWs were used and abused during the conflict and how Cold War tensions played out in drafting IHL. It will conclude by looking at how the events of the Cold War affect the way we regard these issues today. - jcsl.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/content/abstract/11/1/67

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