Sociology Index

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CLOVIS CULTURE

Clovis culture is the culture of what are assumed to be the first human inhabitants of the Americas. Clovis culture or Clovis archaeological culture has been discussed for decades. Clovis culture, the origins of Native Indians and Native American populations invoked heated arguments in New World prehistory. Stone spear points were found at a site near Clovis New Mexico in the 1930s and dated to 11,200 years ago.

This Clovis culture date is consistent with the theory that the first humans arrived on the American continent by way of a land and ice bridge across the Bering Strait.

Post-Clovis cultures include the Folsom tradition, Gainey, Suwannee-Simpson, Plainview-Goshen, Cumberland, and Redstone. After the discovery of several Clovis sites, the Clovis people came to be regarded as the first human inhabitants who created a widespread culture in the New World. But the oldest claimed human archaeological site in the Americas is the Pedra Furada hearths, a site in Brazil that precedes the Clovis culture and the other sites already mentioned by 19,000 to 30,000 years.

"Clovis Blade Technology." -1999, Michael B. Collins, "In spite of repeated statements to the effect that Clovis is the earliest clearly recognized "culture," "complex," or "people" in the New World, which imply unanimity (that all agree) among archaeologists as to what "Clovis" is, the simple fact is, no consensus definition, concept, or interpretation of Clovis exists."

EVIDENCE OF CLOVIS CULTURE IN NORTHEASTERN NORTH AMERICA - WINDY CITY SITE, PISCATAQUIS CO., MAINE. - Richard Michael Gramly, PhD. Clovis culture or Clovis archaeological culture has been discussed for decades. One of the clearest statements about its makeup is James Warnica’s 1966 paper "New discoveries at the Clovis site," which appeared in American Antiquity. Warnica’s list was expanded and interpreted in light of Clovis hunting practices and diet by Haynes (1980). In 1999 Collins and Kay carried our understanding of Clovis technology even farther with their landmark study, "Clovis Blade Technology." They discussed the "two major reductive strategies" of the Clovis culture or Clovis archaeological culture, namely, bifacial reduction, leading in some cases to fluted points, and prismatic blade production and the manufacture of cores for generating them.

Haynes, C. Vance, 1980, "The Clovis Culture." Canadian Journal of Anthropology 1 (1): pp. 115-121.

Warnica, James M., 1966, "New Discoveries at the Clovis Site," American Antiquity 31: pp. 345-57.