Sociology Index

CLASSLESS SOCIETY

Classless society is a society that does not have a hierarchy of different social classes and in which individuals have similar resources of wealth, status and power. Classless society is found in simple hunter-gatherer societies (like the pygmies of Zaire) and also a socialist vision of a future society founded on collective ownership of the means of production.

The building of a classless society or classless socialist society is a huge process of remolding all aspects of social life. The building of a classless society or classless socialist society involves constant revolutionary change not only in the relations of production, the mode of distribution, the work process, the forms of administration, the habits and ways of thinking of majority of people, but also fundamental reconstruction of all living conditions. Classless society is Marxist term. According to Marxist theory, tribal society was a classless society.

There are three societies that followed the classless tribal society. First, there was ancient society, in which the major class distinction was between master and slave. Then, there was feudal society, in which lord and serf played the roles of class war. The last stage of class society, is bourgeois society, or capitalism, in which it has been simplified to owner and worker. According to Marx, there should be a classless society once again at the end of the development, which would negate class society, the negation of the negation, in Hegelian terms.

Towards a Classless Society under the Hammer and Sickle - Thomas Woody
Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, Vol. 182, Education for Social Control (Nov., 1935).

The Labour Party and the Classless Society 1991; Today's Education and Training: Tomorrow's Skills.