Sociology Index

CHICAGO SCHOOL

Chicago School refers to the research and social theory that emerged in the first half of the 20th century from the world's first school of sociology at the University of Chicago. Because of its success, the city of Chicago was seen as a laboratory for sociological research into the effects of urbanism on culture and social relationships. In crime and criminology, Chicago School focused on the socio-cultural causes of urban crime and on crime prevention.

Oliver C. Cox and the Chicago School of Sociology - Its Influence on His Education, Marginalization, and Contemporary Effect - Yolanda Y. Johnson, University of Nebraska–Lincoln - Oliver C. Cox did a study on the marital trends of Negroes (African Americans) in 1938 and found that the sex ratio and male employment status of a given area could predict the marriage rates for said area. His findings are very similar to present sociological literature on African American marital trends. He is not, however, credited for his foundational role in the genesis of the theory of the marriageable male. He was a student in the Chicago School of Sociology during the tenure of many of the school’s most prominent faculty.

Los Angeles and the Chicago School: Invitation to a Debate - Michael Dear 
Until very recently, debates about urban structure have been dominated by the precepts of the 'Chicago School,' which include the notion that the city is a coherent regional system where the center organizes its hinterland. The rise of an 'LA School' reverses this logic, insisting that in contemporary cities the hinterlands organize what is left of the center.

The rise, hegemony, and decline of the Chicago School of Sociology, 1892-1945 
Cortese A.J. Source: The Social Science Journals, Volume 32, Number 3, 1995.
Abstract: This article suggests how knowledge, scientific activities, and academic disciplines are socially situated and driven through an empirical investigation of the social origin and development of the Chicago School of Sociology. The world's first department of sociology was founded at the University of Chicago in 1892. Millions of dollars from the Rockefeller foundation were used to lure some of the most distinguished scholars to Chicago. The Chicago School of sociology, under the charismatic leadership of Robert E. Park, acquired paradigmatic status. The School contibuted significantly to the scientific community's collectively negotiated social order. Using the Tiryakian “Schools” approach to the development of the social sciences, the Chicago School of Sociology is examined. The origin, rise, and components of the School are outlined. For twenty years the Chicago School reigned as the first hegemonic paradigm in the history of American sociology. The Chicago School of Sociology as an open, cooperative, interdisciplinary supportive environment of intellectual and methodological eclecticism, is a paradigm to be emulated.

The Mixed Legacy of the Chicago School of Sociology - Jonathan H. Turner
Sociological Perspectives, Vol. 31, No. 3, Waving the Flag for Old Chicago (Jul., 1988)
Abstract: This article examines the legacy of the Chicago School of Sociology. Because the Chicago department so dominated sociology in the 1920s and 1930s, it created the mold or template on which new departments, or the expansion of older ones, were modeled in the 1930s and in the post-World War II period.

Criminology, the Chicago School, and Sociological Theories - Short Jr. J.F.
Abstract: Although the Department of Sociology at the University of Chicago was never known as a center for sociological theory, major contributions were made in such areas as social disorganization, human ecology and demography, urbanism, professions, institutional development, community organization and development, as well as criminology and deviance. These theoretical contributions did not qualify as grand theory, but all were in the Chicago tradition of theoretically interpretive empirical work.