Bureaucracy is a formal
organization with clearly defined objectives, a hierarchy of specialized roles and
systematic processes of direction and administration. The terms "bureaucracy,"
"bureaucratic," and "bureaucrat" are common. A cyberocracy could be a bureaucracy changed by computers. Like
Marx's alienation surplus value, Weber views bureaucracy
as alienating in that it is a set of structures which dominate people.
Bureaucracy can be found in
earlier times in the Roman army, though it is prominently visible in the large-scale
administration of agencies of the modern state. The German state created by Bismarck, was
a model bureaucracy in both its armed forces and civil administration. According to Weber
the creation of the modern state of Germany had only been possible because of the
development of a disciplined state bureaucracy and a bureaucratised standing army.
Max Weber gave attention to
bureaucracy and saw this form of social organization becoming dominant in modern society
due to the commitment to the value of rationalization. Webers analysis of
bureaucracy has made it seem as if bureaucracies are inherently limiting to human freedom.
Weber praises bureaucracies for their efficiency and predictability, but he feared that
people would become too controlled by them.
The growth of formal bureaucracy
was seen in the 19th and 20th centuries. For organizations the bureaucracy represents an
important modern technology of control.
Can Bureaucracy Benefit Organizational Women? An
Leisha DeHart-Davis, University of Kansas, Administration & Society, Vol. 41, No. 3,
A significant body of evidence suggests that bureaucratized organizations provide greater
career rewards to women than do less bureaucratized organizations.
Representative Bureaucracy, Organizational
Strategy, and Public Service Performance: An Empirical Analysis of English Local
Government, Rhys Andrews, George A. Boyne, Kenneth J. Meier, Laurence J. O'Toole,
Jr., Richard M. Walker. The management literature implies that the impact of
representative bureaucracy is contingent on organizational strategy.
The theory of representative bureaucracy suggests that
organizations perform better if their workforces reflect the characteristics of their
constituent populations. Our empirical evidence on
English local government is inconsistent with the basic theory of representative
Congress and the Bureaucracy as Unlikely
Bedfellows: How and Why Federal Agencies Use Statutory Mandates to Constrain the President
- Godwin, Erik
Abstract: Weak bureaucracy theories have moved to the forefront of the
bureaucratic control literature.
Who Controls the Bureaucracy?: Presidential Power, Congressional Dominance, Legal
Constraints, and Bureaucratic Autonomy in a Model of Multi-Institutional Policy-Making
Thomas H. Hammond and Jack H. Knott, Michigan State University
In the past 15 years a scholarly debate has developed in the United States over the
question "Who controls the bureaucracy?"
The Health Care Bureaucracy: Small Changes, Big Consequences
James A. Morone, Brown University
Americans are developing a distinctly bureaucratic health care regime. This article
explores the ramifications for both the politics of health care and the practice of
Bureaucracy, Imagination and U.S. Domestic Security Policy
Philip D Bougen, Anderson Schools of Management, University of New Mexico
Pat O'Malley, Sydney Law School, University of Sydney
Abstract: Examines rationales for the concept of bureaucratized imagination.
Rationalism, bureaucracy, and ethics - S Hasson, M A Goldberg
Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design 14(1) 15 27
Abstract. Examination of rationality and value-neutrality in science, bureaucracy and
The Rise of Post-Bureaucracy - Theorists' Fancy or Organizational Praxis?
Phil Johnson, University of Sheffield, Geoffrey Wood, University of Sheffield, Chris
Brewster, Reading University, Michael Brookes, Middlesex University Business School,
A central proposition of theories of post-bureaucracy, a tendency for organizations to
delegate more power to employees over time.
The Brazilian civil servant: a typology of bureaucracy - Clarice Gomes de
This paper builds on Downs typology of bureaucratic officials to analyze Brazilian
Technology, Bureaucracy, and Healing in America
By Roger J. Bulger. 97 pages. University of Iowa Press, Iowa City, 1988. $14.50.
15 August 1989, Volume 111 Issue 4, Page 346
Abstract: A central concern is the clash between bureaucracy and the Hippocratic theme.
Making bureaucracy work
J Manag Med - 01-JAN-1999; 13(2-3): 190-200
Abstract: What gives bureaucracy a bad name? Is it bureaucracy in itself, or the ghosts in
Helping Hand or Grabbing Hand? State Bureaucracy and Privatization Effectiveness
J. David Brown, John S. Earle, Scott Gehlbach.
Abstract: We examine the relationship between state bureaucracy and the impact of
privatization on firm productivity.
Representative Bureaucracy: A Puzzled State?
Abstract: For the field of representative bureaucracy to progress, scholars need to
develop a consistent definition of this term and ways to operationalize and measure
Industries fear barrier to reform, bureaucracy, will stay
Redl, Christopher, Publisher: Dow Jones & Company, Inc. Publication Name: The Asian
Wall Street Journal Weekly. Abstract: Reduced funding for government agencies and limiting
the hiring of policymakers are seen to eliminate bureaucracy.
Decentralization and Political Control of the Bureaucracy
Andrew B. Whitford, University of Kansas
The possibility of the political control of the bureaucracy depends on bureaucratic
Organizational Subcultures in a Soft Bureaucracy: Resistance Behind the Myth and
Facade of an Official Culture - John M. Jermier, John W. Slocum, Louis W. Fry,
The proposition that soft bureaucracies project a rigid exterior appearance while masking
a loosely-coupled set of interior practices.
Politics, bureaucracy and social networks: the case of nominees for high level
positions within the Brazilian Central Bank (Banco Central do Brasil). -
The exchange of positions for parliamentary support can guarantee government stability,
but it may reduce the president's control over bureaucracy.
A Mixed Relationship: Bureaucracy and School Performance
Kevin B. Smith1; Christopher W. Larimer2
Public Administration Review, Volume 64, Number 6, November 2004 , pp. 728-736(9)
Abstract: We find bureaucracy's relationship with school performance depends on how
performance is measured.
Street-level bureaucracy and family group decision making in the USA
by: William Vesneski, Child & Family Social Work, Vol. 14, No. 1. (2009), pp. 1-5.
Abstract: The relationship between street-level bureaucracy and FGDM. It describes the
role of street-level bureaucracy in FGDM's diffusion and it explains the dilution of the
FGDM model through use of street-level bureaucracy theory.
The Revealed Preferences of a Government Bureaucracy: Theory - Daniel
The RAND Journal of Economics Volume 6, No. 2 Issue: Autumn 1975 Pages: pp. 401-416
Standards for Surface Analysis: A Clash between
Bureaucracy and Science? - M. P. Seah
Harry Potter and the Half-Crazed Bureaucracy - Benjamin Barton
University of Tennessee College of Law, Michigan Law Review, Vol. 104, May 2006
Abstract: Rowling eliminates many of the progressive defenses of bureaucracy. The most
omission is the elimination of the democratic defense.
Latinos and Representative Bureaucracy Testing
the Thompson and Henderson Hypotheses
Kenneth J. Meier, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee.
Bureaucracy Neutrality in Politics: Case Study of
Civil Servant (PNS) Neutrality in The Governor Election in South Sulawesi 2007 and Banten
2006, Political Science Study Program - Sudiman
Abstract: The relationship between bureaucracy and politics in Indonesia always