Jim Crow Laws and Jane Crow Laws
Brown v. Board of Education was a United States Supreme Court case in which the Court declared state laws establishing separate public schools for black and white students unconstitutional. The decision overturned the decision of Plessy v. Ferguson (1896) which allowed state-sponsored segregation.
'Brown vs Topeka Board of Education' was a case before the Supreme Court of the United States which resulted in a 1954 ruling that set aside a Kansas statute that permitted cities of over 15,000 to maintain separate schools for blacks and whites.
The court ruled that all segregation in public schools was inherently unequal, thus beginning the desegregation of schooling and eventually of other public places and programs.
In the early decades of the twentieth century the Supreme Court had found that segregation was constitutional and America became increasingly racially divided.
Debunking the Myth That All is Well in the Home of Brown v. Topeka Board of Education - A Study of Perceived Discrimination - Michael L. Birzer, Richard B. Ellis, Washburn Univ.
This article examines perceived discrimination in Topeka, Kansas, which is home to the landmark Supreme Court Decision Brown vs. Topeka Board of Education. This article describes perceptions of discrimination among citizens. Quantitative and qualitative data reveal that significant levels of perceived discrimination have been experienced across all population groups. This article concludes by suggesting policy recommendations that may be a start for effective remedies that aim to minimize perceived discrimination in this community.
Impact of the 1954 Brown
vs. Topeka Board of Education Decision on Black Educators
Ethridge, Samuel B. - Negro Educational Review
As a result of the Brown vs. Topeka Board of Education decision, thousands of educational positions which would have gone to Blacks in the South have been lost, although gains in school positions for Blacks have occurred in other parts of the country. - eric.ed.gov
Equating the watershed Brown vs. Topeka Board of Education ruling to the Supreme Court's voucher ruling is political rhetoric at its most powerful. - By LINDA GREENHOUSE - nytimes.com