Belief is the degree to which an individual believes in conventional values, morality, and the legitimacy of law. In Travis Hirschi's work, aspects of the social bond.
Belief is also an important factor when measuring social bonds and is defined as the acceptance of a conventional value system (Durkin et al., 1999).
The four components of social bond theory are attachment, commitment, involvement, and belief (Hirschi, 1969).
Hirschi states that when individuals do not believe that they should conform to social convention, they are more likely to break the law, and that teenagers are not exceptions to social conventions.
Hirschi believes that attachment to others can help prevent deviant behavior.
Laws legal or cultural norms, belief systems, traditions all play a determining role in various aspects of our lives.
A school's climate often refers to the unwritten beliefs, values, and attitudes of the school, and the interaction between students, teachers and administrators as well as organizational characteristics of the school (Anderson, 1982; Welsh et al., 2001).
Can high parental attachment to parent(s) with conventional or unconventional beliefs have a strong impact on the marijuana use and excessive alcohol consumption among college students. Whether the degree of social bond (as described by Travis Hirschi) has an effect on frequency of college student alcohol and marijuana use will be investigated through a comparative analysis between two separate casual models (a causal model of alcohol use and a causal model of marijuana use). The degree of social bonds (i.e. parental attachments, involvement, commitment, and belief) and the degree of alcohol and marijuana use among these students will be determined through a self-report survey administered to a randomly selected group of students attending a Midwestern university. The self-report survey contains items covering the fundamental concept of social bond theory, as well as, items referring to individual student alcohol and marijuana use. Parental attitudes toward the use of alcohol and marijuana were assessed in the survey to find a causal relationship between these factors and frequency of college student alcohol and marijuana use. The comparative analysis focuses on determining if social bond theory is better suited to explain college student alcohol use or college student marijuana use, or whether or not the theory is effective or ineffective at explaining both. The results of this study conclude that 21.5% of binge drinking done by the college students in this sample can be explained by social bond theory, while only 7.4% of marijuana use is explained. - Social Bond Theory and College Student Marijuana and Alcohol Use: A Comparative Analysis between Two Causal Models - Lindsay Ejnik, University of Wisconsin Oshkosh
Religiosity and Perceived Future
Ascetic Deviance and Delinquency among Mormon Adolescents: Testing the
"This-Worldly" Supernatural Sanctions Thesis - Mark A. Harris