Sociology Index

Isidore Auguste Marie François Xavier Comte

Among distinguished sociologists, Isidore Auguste Marie François Xavier Comte, was known as Auguste Comte. The discipline of sociology and of the doctrine of positivism were enriched by Auguste Comte. The term 'sociology' was first used in the fourth volume of Cours de philosophie positive (1838).

Positive philosophy was an attempt by Auguste Comte to undo the social malaise of the French revolution with the help of a new social doctrine. Auguste Comte coined the word "altruism" and his social theories influenced the development of religious humanist and secular humanist organizations. According to Comte, society through the division of labour, became complex, differentiated and specialized.

The division of labour generated new social divisions between classes and between the private and public domains. Auguste Comte's works include four volumes of Système de politique positive (1851–1854) and the first volume of "La Synthèse Subjective" ("The Subjective Synthesis").

Wallace and Wolf trace the development of structural functionalism to Auguste Comte, Herbert Spencer, and David Emile Durkheim.