Sociology Index

Anomic Suicide

Models who committed suicide

David Emile Durkheim linked anomic suicide to disillusionment and disappointment. Durkheim defined the term anomie as a condition where social and also moral norms are confused, unclear, or simply not present. Durkheim also felt that lack of norms led to deviant behavior. Anomie is a concept developed by Emile Durkheim to describe an absence of clear societal norms and values. In the concept of anomie individuals lack a sense of social regulation: people feel unguided in the choices they have to make. Durkheim distinguished between egoistic suicide, anomic suicide, altruistic suicide, and fatalistic suicide, broad classifications that reflect then-prevailing theories of human behavior. Dismissing altruistic and fatalistic suicide as unimportant, he viewed egoistic suicide as a consequence of the deterioration of social and familial bonds.

People whose environments have experienced a natural disaster, or an economic crash are also likely to consider an anomic Suicide. After that 1995 earthquake in Kobe, the Japanese public health department reported rising Suicide rates.

Studies have shown a correlation between unemployment rate and anomic Suicide in the history of the United States of America between the year 1928 and 1932 due to unemployment.

Anomic Suicide can happen when an individual has set goals and then experiences a failure in achieving those goals due to societal conditions. Both natural and human-made factors can cause the mismatch between the mediums of attaining goals and societal regulations.