Masculine Female, Masculinization
Androgyny is a personality which
holds a balance of feminine and masculine characteristics. An androgynous person would be
comfortable displaying both characteristics and able to move back and forth between the
two. Some feminists have advocated gender androgyny as a source
of liberation from polarized cultural ideas of masculine and feminine.
Psychological Androgyny -
A Review of the Research
Androgyny represents a combination of personality characteristics traditionally associated
with men (masculine) and those associated with women (feminine). This critical review
provides an overview of basic assumptions, measures, research topics, and results of
research in the androgyny literature. Psychological androgyny research on developmental
perspectives emphasizes the importance of focusing upon how individuals systematically
maintain and modify their perceptions and experiences as men and women over the life span.
Development of a Measure
of Androgyny for Young Adolescents
The construct of psychological androgyny or the co-presence of masculine and feminine
traits, has been studied in college students as well as older adults. The ontogeny of
androgyny has received limited empirical evidence
attention, in part because of the lack of available instruments.
Desirable and undesirable
androgyny: a prescription for the twenty-first century
Woodhill B.M.; Samuels C. - Journal of Gender Studies, Volume 13, Number 1, March 2004.
Abstract: If femininity and masculinity are understood as consisting of both positive and
negative traits and androgyny is a combination of feminine and masculine traits, then
logically androgynous people could manifest any number and combination of positive and
negative traits. The traditional notion of androgyny is as an identity that consists of a
balance of positive feminine and positive masculine traits. A balance of negative feminine
and negative masculine traits could also constitute a part of androgyny, creating the
possibility of an undesirable or negative androgyny.
Training Men and Women for Androgynous Behaviors in Organizations
Alice G. Sargent - Group & Organization Management, Vol. 6, No. 3, 302-311 (1981)
Organizational problems that arise from traditional sex-role behavior
are discussed. Androgyny is presented as a concept that can be integrated with
behavioral-science training programs, especially human-resource-management programs.
Androgyny is viewed as an effective mixture of behaviors that traditionally have been
termed "masculine" and "feminine."
Androgyny - Is it Really the Product of Educated, Middle-Class
Shashi Ravinder, University of Wollongong
This article examines the sex role identity of college students in
India and in Australia and empirically tests the validity of
the prediction that androgyny is the product of educated, middle-class, Western societies.
Results reveal that sex role transcendence, rather than androgyny, is the product of a
Western society such as Australia. Androgyny, on the other hand,
was found to be more predominant in certain traditional cultures, such as India, and was
particularly predominant among Indian males.