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Among distinguished sociologists, Andre Gunder Frank was a German-American economic historian and sociologist known for Dependency Theory and World Systems Theory. Andre Gunder Frank produced over 1,000 publications in 30 languages. Andre Gunder Frank's works included the subjects economic history, international relations, historical sociology, political economy, and world history. Capitalism and Underdevelopment in Latin America (1967), was a formative text in dependency theory.
Andre Gunder Frank has made significant contributions to the world-systems theory, which, according to him, should be rather called the World System one. He has argued that a World System was formed no later than in the 4th millennium BC; his argument contrasts sharply with the scholarly majority who posit beginnings in the "long 16th century," a position held, by Immanuel Wallerstein.
During his career, Andre Gunder Frank taught and did research in departments of anthropology, economics, international relations, political science, and sociology. Andre Gunder Frank worked at nine universities in North America, three in Latin America, and five in Europe. Andre Gunder Frank gave countless lectures and seminars at dozens of universities and other institutions all around the world. Andre Gunder Frank wrote widely on the economic, social and political history and contemporary development of the world system, the industrially developed countries, and especially of the Third World and Latin America.
ReOrient: Global Economy in the Asian Age was a reworking of the history of the development over the last 500 years, giving precedence to the role of Asia.
The World System: Five Hundred Years or Five Thousand with Barry Gills covered the last 5,000 years of history. According to Andre Gunder Frank's theories a nation's economic strength is largely determined by historical circumstances. He also suggested that purely export oriented solutions to development create imbalances.