Sociology Index

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Ancient Indian Cities

India has a rich history and heritage. India is one of the oldest civilizations in the world.

Ancient Indian cities were the Beacons of Culture, Knowledge, Tradition, and Commerce.

ancient indian cities

List Of Ancient Cities In India

Allahabad (Prayag,Prayagraj)

Allahabad, officially known as Prayagraj, also known as Prayag. Allahabad is the seventh most populous city in the state, thirteenth in Northern India and thirty-sixth in India, with an estimated population of 1.53 million in the city. The word prayāga has been traditionally used to mean "a confluence of rivers". For Allahabad, it denoted the physical meeting point of the rivers Ganges and Yamuna in the city. An ancient tradition has it that a third river, invisible Sarasvati, also meets there with the two. Archaeological surveys since the 1950s has revealed the presence of human settlements near the sangam since about 800 BCE. The Ashoka pillar at Allahabad (photo c. 1900) contains many inscriptions since the 3rd-century BCE.

The Ashoka pillar at Allahabad

Amaravati

Amaravati was formerly known as Dhānyakatakam. Amaravati's history dates back to 2nd Century BCE when it was the capital of the Satavahana Dynasty of the Andhras, one of the earliest Indian empires and the ancestral dynasty of Andhra Pradesh. Amaravati is the Capital City of the Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. Veneration of the Buddha as a Fiery Pillar -100 BC – c. AD 200 – Cleveland Museum of Art, Ohio, United States.

Veneration of the Buddha as a Fiery Pillar

Anga (Bhagalpur)

Bhagalpur is on the southern banks of the river Ganges in the Indian state of Bihar. The river is home to the Gangetic dolphin, the National Aquatic Animal of India, and the Vikramshila Gangetic Dolphin Sanctuary is established near the town.

National Aquatic Animal of India.

Avanti (Ujjain, Ujjayini)

Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga is a Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Shiva and is one of the twelve Jyotirlingams, shrines which are said to be the most sacred abodes of Lord Shiva. It is located in the ancient city of Ujjain in the state of Madhya Pradesh, India.

Mahakaleshwar Jyotirlinga

Ayadhya (kanyakumari)

Kanyakumari is a town in Kanyakumari District in the state of Tamil Nadu in India. The southernmost town in mainland India, it is sometimes referred to as 'The Land's End.' Kanyakumari has been a city since the Sangam period and has been referred to in old Tamil literature and in the accounts of Marco Polo and Ptolemy.

Vivekananda_Rock_Memoria

Ayodhya (Saketa)

Ancient Hindu Sanskrit-language epics, such as the Ramayana and the Mahabharata mention a legendary city called Ayodhya, which was the capital of the legendary Ikshvaku kings of Kosala, including Rama. Gold carving depiction of the legendary Ayodhya at the Ajmer Jain temple.

Gold carving depiction of the legendary Ayodhya

Bharuch

Badayun

Baroda (Vadodara)

Bayana

Bhattiprolu

Bhinmal

Bhokardan (Bhogavardhana)

Bhubaneswar (Sisupalgarh)

Chandraketugarh
Chunar
Chirand
Cuttack
Dhanyakataka
Dwarka
Guntur (Garthapuri)
Gwalior
Hampi
Hansi
Harappa
Jajpur
Jhansi
Kalibangan
Kalinjar
Kalpi
Kanchipuram
Kannauj
Kaveripoompattinam
Keezhadi

Khajuraho

Kodumanal
Kotivarsha (Devkot)
Kumbakonam
Kumbhoj
Kurukshetra
Lothal
Lashkar
Madurai
Mohenjo-Daro
Mannargudi

Mumbai (Bombay)
Muziris (Kodungallur)
Nagapattinam
Nalanda
Nashik
Osian
Paithan
Pataliputra
Pistapura
Pune (Poona)
Purushapura
Pushkalavati
Pundravardhana
Pudumadam
Puri
Pushkar
Quilon
Rajagriha (Rajgir)
Rajahmahendravaram
Rajapura
Sagala
Sangrur

Sirkap
Sitanagaram
Somnath
Sopara
Sravasti
Tamluk (Tamralipta)
Takshashila (Taxila)
Thanjavur
Tiruchirappalli
Thirussivaperoor (Thrissur)
Tirunelveli
Tiruvarur
Bhopal (Udayagiri)


Vaishali
Vallabhi
Varanasi
Vidisha
Viratnagar (Bairat)
Vijayawada (Vijayavatika)
Visakhapatnam (Waltair)
Vrindavan
Vellore