French Revolution, Russian Revolution, Xinhai Chinese Revolution
The American Revolution occurred during the last half of
the 18th century when thirteen of Britain's colonies in North America overthrew the
governance of the Parliament of Great Britain, and also later rejected the British
monarchy to join as the sovereign United States of America.
The colonies first rejected the authority of the
Parliament to govern them without representation, forming self-governing independent
states. These independent states through the Second Continental Congress then joined
together against the British in the armed conflict from 1775 to 1783 which is known as the
American The Revolutionary War or The American War of Independence.
In 1776, representatives from each of the original
thirteen independent states voted unanimously in the Second Continental Congress to adopt
a Declaration of Independence, which now rejected the British monarchy in addition to its
Parliament. The Declaration established the United States, which was originally governed
as a loose confederation through a representative government selected by state
United States now rejected the legitimacy of the monarchy
to demand allegiance. After the American victory in October 1781 there was a formal
British abandonment of any claims to the United States with the Treaty of Paris in 1783.
American Revolution began a series of intellectual,
political, and social shifts in early American society and government. The development of
American republicanism was particularly significant, including election of a
representative government rather than the prevalent plutocracies of the inherited
aristocracies in Europe at the time.
The American Revolution and Historical Explanation - Whitmeyer, Joseph
Paper presented at the annual meeting of the American Sociological Association
Abstract: A useful method for historical explanation is analysis in terms of power. This
means assessing the power, or ability to affect the outcome in question, of focal actors
and entities, determining their use of that power, and, perhaps, accounting for that use.
The first of these depends, in part, methodologically on deductive theory: the power of
one entity depends on what others can be expected to do, and theory can help assess that.
The second is mostly historical accounting, but may need theory to determine what goals
are feasible for actors. In the third, theory such as rational choice may be especially
useful when the power-holding actor is an aggregate of individuals. These points are
illustrated with examples drawn from the American Revolution.
NATURAL RIGHTS AND IMPERIAL CONSTITUTIONALISM: THE AMERICAN REVOLUTION AND THE
DEVELOPMENT OF THE AMERICAN AMALGAM
Michael Zuckert, Political Science, Univ of Notre Dame, Social Philosophy and Policy
Abstract: Robert Nozick worked in a Lockean tradition of political philosophy, a tradition
with deep resonance in the American political culture. This paper attempts to explore the
formative moments of that culture and at the same time to clarify the role of Lockean
philosophy in the American Revolution. One of the currently dominant approaches to the
American revolution emphasizes the colonists' commitments to their rights, but identifies
the relevant rights as the rights of Englishmen, not natural rights in the
Lockean mode. This approach misses, however, the way the Americans construed their
positive or constitutional rights in the light of a Lockean background theory.
The Religious Roots of the American Revolution and the Right to Keep and Bear Arms
David B. Kopel, Independence Institute - Journal on Firearms and Public Policy, Vol. 17,
Abstract: This article examines the religious background of the American Revolution. The
article details how the particular religious beliefs of the American colonists developed
so that the American people eventually came to believe that overthrowing King George and
Parliament was a sacred obligation. The religious attitudes which lead to an armed
American revolution are an essential component of the American ideology of the right to
keep and bear arms.
A New Economic Analysis of the American Revolution
Paul Hallwood, Ambyre Ponivas (University of Connecticut)
Abstract: We offer an analysis of the American Revolution in which actors are modeled as
choosing the sovereign organization that maximizes their net expected benefits. Benefits
of secession derive from satisfaction of greed and settlement of grievance. Costs derive
from the cost of civil war and lost benefit of Empire membership. When expected net
benefits are positive for both secessionists and the Empire civil war ensues, otherwise it
is settled or never begins in the first place. The novelty of our discussion is to show
how diverse economic and non-economic factors can be integrated into a single economic
From American Independence to the American Revolution
Rachum, Ilan, Cambridge University Press, Journal of American Studies
Abstract: The term American Revolution basically replaced the American War of Independence
in 1781 and 1782 because of 'The Revolution of America' by Guillaume Thomas Francois
Raynal and Thomas Paine's response to the book. Previously, revolution meant the
overthrowing of James II, but it slowly began to mean the adoption of original political
ideas while independence meant a separation from the dominant nation.
The American Revolution: Strategy Success or Failure? - Todsen II, Peter
ARMY WAR COLL CARLISLE BARRACKS PA
Abstract : The American Revolution was the first successful struggle to sever an imperial
relationship in modern times. How could a small disjointed group of American colonists
subservient to the most powerful nation in the world fight for and eventually gain their
full independence? What were the political objectives of the countries involved prior to
the start of hostilities, and how did those objectives change throughout the time period
of the war? What military strategies were used by each side, and what role did the
coalitions formed during the war have on the final outcome?