In Greek legend the amazon was a female hunter, unusual for occupying a male role. The Amazon river was named after this legendary hunter when early European explorers encountered women who were hunters and in many ways acted like men. The counterpart of this role among men is called berdache.
Amazons are members of a legendary nation of female warriors in Greek mythology. Many cultures have acknowledged a masculine role for women. The Kaska Indians of the Subarctic may select a daughter when it appeared the family was going to have no sons and perform a transformation ceremony to symbolically turn the daughter into a son. The dried ovaries of a bear were tied to her belt which she always wore, she dressed like males and engaged in hunting.
How did the ancient Greeks
see the Amazons?
Amazons at the river
Thermodon in northern Turkey
This localization is so definite
that even now the river bears a Turkish name which leaves no doubt about its identity.
Today the river is called Terme Çay. Çay is the Turkish name for river.