Sociology Index

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Ali Shariati Mazinani

Ali Shariati Mazinani (23 November 1933 – 18 June 1977) was an Iranian revolutionary and sociologist who focused on the sociology of religion. He is held as one of the most influential Iranian intellectuals of the 20th century and has been called the ideologue of the Iranian Revolution. He left Paris after earning a PhD in sociology in 1964. During this period in Paris, Shariati started collaborating with the Algerian National Liberation Front in 1959. Shariati's works were highly influenced by the Third Worldism that he encountered as a student in Paris, ideas that class war and revolution would bring about a just and classless society. Ali Shariati Mazinani figures among eminent sociologists of the world. Ali Shariati Mazinani attempted to explain and offer solutions for the problems faced by Muslim societies through traditional Islamic principles interwoven with, and understood from, the point of view of modern sociology and philosophy. Shariati was very critical of some clerics and defended the Marxists. "Our mosques, the revolutionary left and our preachers," Ali Shariati Mazinani declared, "work for the benefit of the deprived people and against the lavish and lush... Our clerics who teach jurisprudence and issue fatwas are right-wingers, capitalist, and conservative; simply our fiqh is at the service of capitalism." - Ali Shariati (1980). Jahatgiri-ye Tabaqati-e Islam [Class bias of Islam], in Collected Works, 10. Tehran. pp. 37–38.