Sociology Index. Sociology is the science whose object is to interpret the meaning of social action. Sociology explains the way in which action takes place and the effects it produces. Society is best conceived as the product of interactions between individuals controlled by a body of traditions and norms. Sociology is the study of society, social interaction, and social customs and traditions. Sociologists conduct research that may be applied directly to social policy and social welfare. Traditional focus of sociology has been social stratification, social bond, social class, social construction of gender, social mobility, social movements, and deviant behavior. Graduates with a sociology degree can choose to pursue a variety of careers in sociology.

Action theory views social action as something purposively shaped by individuals within a context to which they have given meaning. Action theory approach has its foundations in Max Weber's interpretive theory which claims that it is necessary to know the subjective purpose and intent of the actor before an observer can understand the meaning of social action. Modernization theory is a theory of social and economic development, following functionalism or consensus perspective assumptions, that societies need to have harmony among their component parts. Social control theory attempts to explain why it is that all of us do not commit crime. Social control theory tries to explain why most people are law-abiding? Social control theory explains the many ways in which social control works in family, schools, work situations, and even in conscience. Social control ranges from gossip and ridicule to imprisonment and execution. Social contract theory is used to suggest that a group of self-interested and rational individuals came together and formed a contract which created society. Chaos theory or complexity theory distinguishes the presence of social disorder from order within social disorder. The notion of patterned regularities operating deep within the apparent randomness of dynamic systems challenges the assumptions informing correctional, psychiatric, and/or legal practice. Social disorganization theory is about breakdown in social organization.

Sociology of terrorism and theories of terrorism. What motivates terrorists? Sociology of terrorism is about terrorist's rationalization of violence using moral justification. Joseph Margolin's argues that "much terrorist behavior is a response to the frustration of various political, economic, and personal needs or objectives" in one of the many hypotheses of terrorism. Mass-destruction terrorism and WMD use is becoming a huge threat to the world. Syrian official position that Syria does not assist terrorist organizations but it supports national liberation movements leads to the concept of terrorism for "National Liberation". The physiological approach to terrorism suggests the role of the media in promoting the spread of terrorism. What is terrorist's ideology and religious perception?

Globalization is marked by the expansion of the size and power of multinational corporations. In economic terms, globalization describes an interdependence of nations around the globe fostered through free trade. The terms, Mcdonaldization, Uberisation and eBayization are now used to refer to globalization. Jan Aart Scholte's globalization. 

Guide: Prof Son-Ung Kim
Prof Son-Ung Kim Editor: Rajrathnam V P