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Sociology is the science whose object is to interpret the meaning of social action according to Max Weber. Sociology thereby gives a causal explanation of the way in which the action proceeds and the effects which it produces.

Society is best conceived as the product of interactions between component individuals controlled by a body of traditions and norms. According to Park social control is the central fact and the central problem of society.

 

The problems of modern life flow from the attempt of the individual to maintain the independence and individuality of his existence against the sovereign powers of society. - Georg Simmel.

Sociology Topical Index And Dictionary - A

Aboriginal Peoples of Canada - Contrary to the belief of Europeans, that the "state of nature" can and should be improved through the labour of man, "Aboriginals view the natural world as perfect."

Aboriginal Culture and Tradition - Everything an Aboriginal does is in a circle, and that is because the Power of the World always works in circles. When aboriginal people were strong and happy, all their power came to their sacred hoop of the nation and so long as the hoop was unbroken the people flourished.

Accounting - Accounting is rationalizations that people provide for their actions. In ethnomethodology the term accounting is used to refer to the practices of observation and reporting which make objects and events observable and objective.

Acculturation - Acculturation is the adoption of or adaptation to an alien culture. Acculturation takes place as societies experience the transforming impact of international cultural contact.

Acephalous Society - Acephalous literally means ‘headless,’ society without any formalized or institutionalized system of power and authority. Related to acephalous concept are monocephalous and polycephalous.

Action Theory - Action theory is a sociological perspective that focuses on the individual as a subject. This approach has its foundations in Max Weber's ‘interpretive sociology’ which claims that it is necessary to know the subjective purpose and intent of the actor before an observer can understand the meaning of social action.

Activism - Activism is a policy of vigorous action both social and political. Activism is protest or dissent. Activism can have many political colors. Activism can bring about social change and political change.

Actus Reus - Actus reus is one of two components of a crime, the other being mens rea. Actus reus refers to the physical component of a crime, the act of committing the crime. Mens rea is the mental component of crime, the existence of a criminal intent, and this requires the offender to have intended to carry out the physical act.

Affirmative Action - Affirmative action is positive steps that are taken to increase the representation of women and minorities in the areas like employment, education, and business. Affirmative action generates controversy where it involves selection on the basis of race, gender, and ethnicity.

Ageism - Ageism is the assumption that a person's age should determine their social status and their roles in society. Ageism usually refers to stereotyping and devaluation of seniors.

Agency - Agency is linked to sociologies which focus on the individual as a subject and view social action as something purposively shaped by individuals within a context to which they have given meaning. Usually contrasted with those sociologies which focus on social structure.

Aging and Gerontology - Aging is a universal phenomenon that adversely affects human beings. Gerontology is the branch of science that deals with old age, the ageing process. The study of gerontology provides students with knowledge and critical understanding of the processes of aging and adult development.

Aging - Is a phenomenon that adversely affects all beings.

Agreement on TRIPS - TRIPS lays down the requirements that nations' laws must meet for copyright rights, geographical indications, industrial designs, patents, monopolies for the developers of new plant varieties, trademarks, trade dress, and undisclosed or confidential information.

Alger Hiss - In 1948 a magazine editor, who confessed to being a communist, accused Hiss of assisting in the transmittal of documents to the Russians. Alger Hiss denied any involvement but was found guilty in his second trial and sentenced to five years in prison.

Alienation - Alienation is separation of individuals from control and direction of their social life. The term alienation was used widely in German philosophy in the 18th and 19th centuries, but it has become important for sociology through the ideas of Karl Marx.

Alterity - Alterity is a term central to postmodern discussions of identity in which the self is given meaning in terms of an ‘other’. Alterity is a state of, or condition of, otherness. The term alterity is useful for thinking about how many peoples throughout history have been cast in the role of inferior.

Altruism - Altruism is social behaviour and value orientation in which individuals give primary consideration to the interests and welfare of other individuals. In altruistic regard for others is the principle of action.

Altruistic Suicide - The term 'altruism' was used by Emile Durkheim to describe a Suicide committed for the benefit of others or for the community. Altruistic suicides reflect a courageous indifference to the loss of one's life

Amazon - Amazons are members of a legendary nation of female warriors in Greek mythology. The Kaska Indians performed a transformation ceremony to symbolically turn the daughter into a son. She dressed like males and engaged in hunting. The counterpart of this role among men is called ‘berdache’.

American Revolution - The American Revolution occurred during the last half of the 18th century when Britain's colonies in North America overthrew the governance of the Parliament of Great Britain, and also later rejected the British monarchy to join as the sovereign United States of America.

Amplification of Deviance - Deviance amplification refers to the unintended outcome of moral panics or social policies designed to prevent or reduce deviance. A media phenomenon, 'Amplification of Deviance' or 'deviancy amplification spiral' refers to an exagerated cycle of reporting on particular antisocial behavior.

Anarchism - Anarchism is political philosophy where society has no government, laws, or other authority. Libertarianism was often used as a synonym for anarchism. Anarchism is anti-authoritarian interpretations of communism, collectivism, syndicalism or participatory economics.

Androgyny - Androgyny is a personality which holds a balance of feminine and masculine characteristics. Some feminists have advocated gender androgyny as a source of liberation from polarized cultural ideas of masculine and feminine.

Anomia - Anomia is a social psychological condition. Anomia describes the individual's lack of integration in social life. Anomia is more closely related to occupational aspiration than to occupational level

Anomic Division of Labour - There is anomic division of labour where the division of labour in the workplace is based on power and social and economic status and not on individual ability. According to David Emile Durkheim, the division of labour cannot command normative consensus and may become a source of anomie and breakdown of social solidarity.

Anomic Suicide - Durkheim linked anomic Suicide to disillusionment and disappointment. Durkheim borrowed the word anomie from the french philosopher Jean-Marie Guyau and used it in his book Suicide. In the concept of anomie individuals lack a sense of social regulation and people feel unguided in the choices they have to make.

Anomie - Durkheim defined the term anomie as a condition where social and/or moral norms are confused, unclear, or simply not present. Durkheim felt that this lack of norms led to deviant behavior

Anthropology - Cultural - Cultural anthropology or Social anthropology is the science of human social and cultural behaviour and its development. Cultural anthropology is conceptually and theoretically similar to sociology.

Anthropology - Physical - Physical anthropology is the science of human zoology, evolution, and ecology. It is centred on the scientific study of the origins and development of human beings through analysis of fossil and skeletal remains.

Anti-Semitism - Anti-Semitism is a negative and hostile attitude to Jews and the Jewish religion. The extreme expression of anti-Semitism was the Holocaust, when six million Jews were murdered in German concentration camps during World War II.

Anticombines Law - In order to protect the principle of competition, valued by all capitalistic societies, anti-combines laws have been created to prevent and punish the undermining of free market economics by corporate combination.

Antisocial Personality Disorder - Antisocial personality disorder is a personality disorder that involves disregard for the rights of others and impulsive, irresponsible and aggressive behaviour. Antisocial personality disorder is connected to many of society's ills.

Apartheid - racial segregation - Apartheid is a policy of racial segregation maintained in South Africa from 1948 to 1991. Apartheid was maintained by laws that included the prohibition of inter-racial marriage and outlawed racially integrated political and social organizations.

Apartheid Legislation South Africa - Nationalist Government in South Africa enacted laws to define and enforce segregation.
South Africa's apartheid was formalised through laws.

Archaeology - Archaeology is one of the main fields of anthropology since it offers the only method for studying lost and forgotten cultures.

Architectural Sociology - Sociological theories that focus on cultural patterns, social relationships, and social psychology are especially used to explain and interpret architectural design.

Aristocracy - Aristocracy is government of a State run by its elite citizens. Oligarchy is a State so governed. Origins of the word aristocracy imply the meaning of "rule by the best."

Ascription - Ascription is assigning some quality or character to a person or thing. The principle of merit is consistent with liberal theory and assumes equality of opportunityMeritocracy is rule by those chosen on the principle of merit.

Assimilation - Assimilation occurs where an ethnic group loses distinctiveness and becomes absorbed into a majority culture.

Assumption of Discriminating Traits - The view that offenders are distinguished from non-offenders by, for example, their high levels of impulsivity and aggression. There is actually an assumption of discriminating traits.

Assumption of Offender Deficit - There is an assumption of offender deficit when there is an offence committed by a citizen. It is assumed that offenders against the law have some psychological deficit.

Astrosociology - The main purpose of the Astrosociology Research Institute (ARI) is to develop astrosociology as an academic field. A concentration on astrosocial phenomena ties theoreticians, researchers, and scholars together, as does a focus on the human dimension of space exploration in general terms.

Astroturfing - Astroturfing is advocacy, often in support of a political or corporate agenda appearing as a "grassroots" movement. Astroturfing may be by an individual promoting a personal agenda, or highly organized professional groups.

Atavism - Atavism is a tendency to reproduce ancestral type in plants and in animals; to resemble one's grandparents or great-grandparents more than parents. Atavism is the tendency of animals or plants to revert to an ancestral type. Resemblance to more remote ancestors rather than to parents.

Atheism - Atheism is as old as religion. We see Atheism so widespread in civilization 2,500 years ago that it takes a prominent place in history in the form of the Ionian philosophy of Greece and the ethic of Buddha and Confucius in Asia.

Attachment - Attachment is the degree to which an individual has affective ties to other persons. In Travis Hirschi's work, aspects of the social bond.

Audience - Audience refers to a group of individuals attending to a common media. They receive communication from the same source, but are not active participants and do not communicate with each other. In sociology, the terms 'audience' and 'audience studies' is used to draw attention to the way that media corporations develop audiences of readers, listeners and viewers with the business objective of selling access to this audience to advertisers.

Audience Studies - The field of scholarship including market-oriented research where audience is studied is commonly designated as Audience Studies.

Authority - Authority is the capacity of an individual or institution to secure compliance from others based on the possession of a recognized right to legitimately claim obedience.

Authoritarianism - Authoritarianism is a form of government characterized by the authority of the state in a republic or union. A political system controlled by nonelected rulers. Authoritarianism is marked by indefinite political tenure. Totalitarianism is considered to be an extreme version of authoritarianism.

Autocracy - Autocracy is the concentration of power in the hands of one person. Autocracy refers to a situation where state power is controlled by a monarch, religious leader or political dictator. The term 'autocracy' can also be applied to particular social institutions where one individual has dominant power and authority.

Automation - Automation is methods of production that rely on mechanical or electronic technologies as a replacement for human labor. Human-centered automation problems have an attribute reflecting human goals and capabilities, and an attribute reflecting automation goals and capabilities.

Sociology Topical Index & Dictionary - B

Background Knowledge - Background knowledge as used by ethnomethodologists refers to commonsense reasoning. Members of society, and sociologists, use background knowledge of culture and social structure as an unstated source of guidance in their reasoning.

Base (Infrastructure) - Base is a concept from Marxism that refers to the mode of production of a society: the social and technical organization of its economy. Karl Marx argued that it is upon this base that the superstructure of the society - its institutions and culture - are built. While the social institutions and culture of society are shaped by this base, at the same time, they help to maintain and reproduce the mode of production and may, in certain conditions contribute to its transformation.

Belief - Belief is the degree to which an individual believes in conventional values, morality, and the legitimacy of law. In Travis Hirschi's work, aspects of the ‘social bond’. Belief is also an important factor when measuring social bonds and is defined as the “acceptance of a conventional value system” (Durkin et al., 1999). The four components of social bond theory are attachment, commitment, involvement, and belief (Hirschi, 1969).

Behavior - Behavioral Science is the analysis of human behavior and major social institutions and phenomena, including social inequality, the family, politics, economics, and health from a sociological perspective. 

Berdache or Two Spirits - Berdache is generally a male who takes on the roles of women and who may also dress as a woman and engage in sexual intimacy with men. Berdache also refers to a transvestite or a person given to transvestitism. More recently, the term ‘Two Spirits’, which has traditional roots, has been preferred. While the term berdache is sometimes used to refer to women who take on male roles there do not appear to have been female berdache in North America and authors tend to prefer the term ‘amazon’ to describe these women.

Berlin Wall - Berlin Wall of concrete and minefields was built in 1961 between the eastern sector of the city of Berlin and the western sector. The wall was built at the direction of the Soviet Union to prevent migration from east to west and to minimize cultural contact between east and west. With the uprising against communism in east Germany, the east German government was forced to declare free rights of emigration for all citizens and in December of 1989 the Wall was opened for free passage.

Bilineal Descent - Bilineal descent is system of family descent where blood links and rights of inheritance through both male and female ancestors are of equal importance. Tracing kinship through both parents. The most common form is bilateral descent. A system of tracing descent through both the mother’s and father’s sides of the family.

Biotechnology And Bioethics - The impact of biotechnology on the life, environment, food and culture is bound to be enormous, encompassing the physical and the metaphysical world. Though biotechnology will help improve the quality of life, the ethical issues are bound to raise a lot of debate and opposition. While some political leaders of the world are able to appreciate the biotechnological developments, all the religious pigheads are hell-bent on obstructing everything that seems to take away the given powers of God.

Bivariate Analysis - Bivariate analysis is concerned with the relationships between pairs of variables (X, Y) in a data set. Bivariate analysis, explores the concept of association between two variables. The association is based on how two variables simultaneously change together, that is, the notion of co-variation.
Bivariate analysis is the simultaneous analysis of two variables. It is usually undertaken to see if one variable is related to another variable. Multivariate analysis is the simultaneous analysis of three or more variables.

Blog or WebLog - Blog is the short form for Web Log. Blog has revolutionized the way one's thought is communicated to the world through the medium of Internet.There are thousands of blogs maintained by people from different countries and of all age groups. Web Logs or Blogs are thus a rich source of information for sociological and psychological study. Web Logs or Blogs can reflect the state of the society and also the government through the bloggers views. Blogs gained popularity during elections and the recent war in Iraq.

Blue-collar Crime - Blue-collar crime is any crime committed by an individual from a lower social class as opposed to white-collar crime which is associated with crime committed by individuals of a higher social class. There may be more white collar crime than blue collar crime. Those employed in relatively unskilled environments and living in inner-city areas have fewer "situations" to exploit.

Bourgeois Class - Bourgeois was originally a citizen or freeman of a city or burgh, as distinct from a peasant or a gentleman. Now, bourgeois is any member of the middle class. "Bourgeois" was formally a legal category in society, defined by conditions such as length of residence and source of income. Bourgeois was originally a (particularly French) citizen or freeman of a city or burgh.

Bracketing - Bracketing approach focuses on revealing the beliefs, ideas and values that are simply taken for granted in the social world. By suspending belief in the naturalness and normality of the social world (placing what are normally automatic assumptions in ‘brackets’) bracketing reveals the underlying thinking and values that people bring to bear in understanding the world and engaging in social action.

Brave New World - ‘Brave new world’ is the the title of a 1932 book by futurist and social critic, Aldous L Huxley (1894-1963). In the ‘brave new world’ Huxley imagines the authorities of society use new technologies, drugs and instruments of propaganda like subliminal advertising to keep people happy and unaware or unconcerned about what is actually happening to them and their communities.

Bride Price - 'Bride price' is the transfer of wealth or possessions by the groom or, more typically, his family, to the bride's family on marriage. 'Bride price' is a payment of money or goods made to a bride or her parents by the bridegroom or his parents.

Broken Window Theory - Broken window theory suggests promoting walking-the-beat form of policing on the basis that indicators of neighbourhood disrepair such as a broken window foster criminality. The logic is that signs of neighbourhood decay lead residents to withdraw from public life of the neighbourhood and thereby reduce the efficacy of informal social control, leaving the area open for serious criminal misdemeanours.

Brown vs Topeka Board of Education - 'Brown vs Topeka Board of Education' was a case before the Supreme Court of the United States which resulted in a 1954 ruling that set aside a Kansas statute that permitted cities of over 15,000 to maintain separate schools for blacks and whites. The court ruled that all segregation in public schools was inherently unequal, thus beginning the desegregation of schooling and eventually of other public places and programs.

Bureaucracy - Bureaucracy is a formal organization with clearly defined objectives, a hierarchy of specialized roles and systematic processes of direction and administration. Bureaucracy can be found in earlier times in history in administration of agricultural irrigation systems, the Roman army, the Catholic church, though it is prominently visible in the large-scale administration of agencies of the modern state and modern business corporations.

Sociology Topical Index & Dictionary - C

Calvinism - John Calvin's international influence on the development of the doctrines of the Protestant Reformation began at the age of 25. Calvinism is important for sociologists as a component of the Protestant ethic, considered favorable to the development of capitalism.

Capital - Capital is accumulation of goods or wealth used for the production of other goods and services rather than for immediate or personal use. If a computer is used to generate revenue then only it can be considered capital. Capital is central to a capitalist economic system. We also have human capital, social capital or individual capital.

Capital Accumulation - Capital accumulation is the process of accumulating resources for use in the production of goods and services. Private capital accumulation occurs when productive capacity exceeds the immediate needs for consumption.

Capital Punishment - Capital punishment is the punishment of crime by execution of the offender. The word capital in 'capital punishment' is from Latin and it refers to the head, the locus of life. Capital punishment is still widely imposed in world societies. Capital punishment has been abolished in the countries of western Europe and in Canada.

Capitalism - Capitalism is an economic system in which capital (goods or wealth used to produce other goods for profit) is privately owned and profit is reinvested so as to accumulate capital. The dynamics of the economic exchange in capitalism are unique.

Career Criminal - Career criminal has been applied to analyzing the various stages of an individual's involvement with criminal activity. Career criminal is one whose criminality is just like a career. Career criminals devote many aspects of their life to criminality.

Cargo Cult - Since the time E E. Williams characterized the cargo cult phenomenon as a kind of madness, but this characterization has been challenged by anthropologists. Cargo cult is a form of millenarian movement that believes in what is to come. The cargo cults involve the belief that ritual activities and observances will lead to the arrival of free cargoes of goods.

Carl Gustav Jung - Carl Gustav Jung was a Swiss psychiatrist and founder of analytical psychology. Carl Jung was a theoretical psychologist and practicing clinician for most of his life. Carl Jung's unconscious, as opposed to Freud's, serves a very positive role.

Careers In Sociology - Degree in sociology provides you with a useful background for some specific job careers in sociology. Fields such as criminal justice, human services, or personnel and industrial relations provide options for a career in sociology.

Carrying Capacity - Carrying capacity in ecology refers to the level of land or resource use both by humans or animals, that can be sustained over the long term by the natural regenerative power of the environment. Sustainable development is economic activity or growth which does not reduce or deplete the resources available to future generations.

Caste

Casting Couch

Causality

Cause

Chaos Theory

Charter Groups

Chicago School

Children

Citizen

City

Civil Society

Civilization

Class

Class Consciousness

Class Consciousness, False

Class Crystallization

Class Fraction

Class-for-itself

Class-in-itself

Classical conditioning

Classical criminology

Classical economic theory

Classical liberalism

Classless society

Closed-class society

Clovis culture

Cluttered nest

Cognitive anthropology

Cohort

Cold war

Collaborative Community

Collective Behavior

Collective solidarity

Colonialism

Command economy

Common law

Commonsense reasoning

Communism

Communitarian

Community

Community crime prevention

Community psychology

Comparative cultural studies

Comprador elite

Computerized Activism

Conduct norms

Confederation

Conflict perspectives

Conglomerate

Conscience collective

Consensual crime

Consensus perspective

Conservatism - Conservatism is a set of ideas that is not the same as those upheld by political parties calling themselves Conservative. Conservative parties are strongly associated with the idea of privatization, reduced social programs and promotion of free market economics. Increasing conservatism of Western society is reflected in those entering social work. Social work recruits by their choice of occupation are politically deviant.

Conspicuous consumption - Conspicuous consumption is the public display of individual possession and consumption of expensive goods and services. The theory of 'Veblen effects' arise from the desire to achieve social status by signaling wealth through conspicuous consumption. Conspicuous consumption, as used by Thorsten Veblen, conveys the idea of a society where social status is earned and displayed by patterns of consumption.

Consumer culture - Consumer culture is a culture in which the attainment of ownership and possession of goods and services is presented as the primary aim and the key source of social status and prestige. Consumer Culture Theory comprises macro, interpretive, and critical approaches to and perspectives of consumer behavior.

Content analysis - Content Analysis is a research method involving data capturing of variables descriptive of the content of a cultural expression such as movies, speeches, cartoons or advertisements.

Contest mobility - Contest mobility is a British term referring to what North Americans would refer to as social mobility through equality of opportunity. Contest mobility refers to system of social mobility in which all individuals are seen as participants in a race and the contest is an open one.

Continentalism - Continentalism was originally associated with the American vision of a ‘manifest destiny’ of the United States to occupy the whole North American continent. The term continentalism now refers specifically to social and economic policies that encourage and advance economic and political integration of the countries of North America.

Contradictions of capitalism - When capitalist corporations grow more concentrated and larger, the number of individuals owning the means of production become fewer. This leads to political activation of the working class and prolonged conflict with the dominant bourgeois class through political and industrial organization.

Control Group - Control groups are used in controlled experiments to curb bias. Both groups are treated exactly the same in every way possible except for variable difference. The control group is used so that you have something to compare the experimental group to.

Conventional crime

Conversational analysis

Copyright Law

Copyleft - All Wrongs Reserved

Corespective behaviour

Corporate crime

Corporate Culture

Corporate elite

Corporatism

Correlate

Correlation

Correlation - zero order

Correspondence principle

Counterculture

Craft unions

Crime

Crime Funnel

Crime Net

Crime-Control Model

Criminal Definitions

Criminal Identity

Criminal Recidivism

Criminogenic

Criminogenic Market Structure

Critical Criminology

Critical Theory

Cross-Cultural Analysis

Cross-Sectional Research

Crown Corporation

Cult

Cult of Domesticity

Cultural Capital

Cultural Challenges

Cultural Colonialism

Cultural Construction

Cultural Ecology

Cultural Explanation

Cultural Genocide

Cultural Imperialism

Cultural Studies

Culturally Prescribed Aspirations

Culture

Culture And Cultural Studies

Culture of Poverty Thesis

Culture Shock

Cyberspace

Cyberocracy

Cyberculture

Cyborgs 

Sociology Topical Index & Dictionary - D

Dark Figure of Crime

Database Rights

Deconstruction

Deep Ecology

Deficit

Defining the Situation

Deinstitutionalization

Demand Characteristic

Demand Mobility

Democracy

Democratic Deficit

Demographic Transition

Demography

Dependency Ratio

Dependent Development

Descriptive Statistics

Designs Law

Deskilling

Determinism

Developing an IP Strategy

Developmental Crime Prevention

Deviance

Deviation, Primary

Deviation, Secondary

Dialectic

Dialectical Materialism

Differential Association

Diffuseness of Roles

Digital Millennium Copyright Act - DMCA

Direct Investment

Discomgoogolation

Discourse Analysis

Discrimination

Disenfranchised

Dissociation

Distributive Justice

Documentary Method of Interpretation

Domain Name Disputes

Domain Name Disputes Case Law

Dominant Ideology Thesis

Double Blind Procedure

Double Burden

Double Standard

Dowry

Dramaturgical Model

Drift

Due-Process Model

Sociology Topical Index & Dictionary - E

Ecofeminism

Ecological fallacy

Ecological studies

Ecology

Ecology Books

Economic determinism

Effective guardianship

Egalitarian

Ego

Egoistic Suicide

Eldred vs Ashcroft

Electrodermal activity

Electronic Civil Disobedience

Embedded Technology

Embourgeoisement thesis

Emigration

Emotional labour

Empirical evidence

Empiricism

Employment equity

Empty nesters

Enculturation

Endogamy

Enlightenment Project

Epidemiology

Epistemology

Equality of condition

Equality of opportunity

Esteem

Ethnic group

Ethnic identity

Ethnocentrism

Ethnographic research

Ethnomethodology

Etiological factors

Etiology

Eugenics

Euthanasia

Evolutionary psychology

Exceptional state

Exchange theory

Exchange value

Executive disengagement

Existentialism

Exogamy

Experimental Group

Exponential growth

External validity

Extraversion

Sociology Topical Index & Dictionary - F

Fair Use and Copyright Law

False Negative

False Positives

Falsifiability (refutability)

Familism

Family, bourgeois

Family, conjugal

Family, consanguineal

Family, egalitarian

Family, nuclear

Fascism

Fashion Culture

Fashion Culture and Consumer Culture

Fatalistic suicide

Fecundity

Federalism, asymmetrical

Federalism, centripetal

Feminism

Feminism, difference

Feminism, standpoint

Feminist movement

Feminist theory

Feminization of Poverty

Feral child

Fertility rate

Feudalism

First Line Authorities

First Sale Doctrine

First sale doctrine and patents

Fiscal Crisis

Fiscal Policy

Flat tax

Folk society

Forces of Production

Fordism

Frankenstein

Frankfurt School

Free Market Economics

Free Trade Zones

French Revolution

Freud

Freudian Slip

Functionalist Explanation

Sociology Topical Index & Dictionary - G

Game Theory

Gemeinschaft and Gesellschaft

Gender and Woman

Gender gap

Gender roles

General deterrence

Generalized other

Genericized Trademark

Genocide

Gentrification

Geographical Indications

Gerontocracy

Gerontology and Aging

Geropsychology

Gesellschaft and Gemeinschaft

Gift, the

Gini coefficient

Glass ceiling

Globalization

Good Girls Like Bad Boys

Goods producing economy

Green revolution

Greenhouse effect

Gross counts of crime

Gross domestic product - GDP

Grounded theory

Group

Group, primary

Group, secondary

Guerrilla Warfare vs Terrorism

Sociology Topical Index & Dictionary - H

Hacktivism

Harm reduction

Hawthorne effect

Hegemony

Heritability

Heuristic device

Hidden curriculum

Hierarchy

Hierarchy of needs theory

Hiss, alger

Historical materialism

Historical Sociology

Homogamy

Homophobia

Horizontal integration

Horizontal Social Mobility

Human capital

Human Capital Accumulation

Human Rights

Humanism

Hunter gatherer society

Hutterites

Hypothesis

Hypotheses of Terrorism

Hypothetico-deductive model of science

Sociology Topical Index & Dictionary - I

Id

Idea-Expression Dichotomy

Ideal type

Idealism

Identity politics

Ideographic

Ideological hegemony

Ideology

Immigration

Imperialism

Incapacitation

Incidence

Independent variable

Index of socio-economic status

Indexicality

Indictable

Indigenous peoples

Individual pathology

Individualism

Individualistic

Individuation

Inductive reasoning

Industrial relations

Industrial revolution

Industrialization

Inequality of condition

Inequality of opportunity

Inference

Inferential statistics

Inferiorization

Informal economy

Information Privacy Law

Information Society. What Is Information Society?

Infrastructure

Institution, social

Institution, total

Institutional completeness

Institutionalization

Instructional Design Model

Instrumentalist Marxism

Insurgent or Insurgency

Intellectual Property Management

Intellectual Property Rights

Intellectual Property Management Strategy

interaction

Interest group

Internal validity

Internet Law, Cyber Law

Internment

Interpretive theory

Interpretivist Interpretivism

Intersubjectivity

Invisible hand of the market

Involvement

Involvement of States in Terrorism

IP and the Internet

IP in the software industry

Iron cage

Iron Law of Oligarchy

Sociology Topical Index & Dictionary - J

Jekyll and Hyde

Judeo-Christian Ethic

Jung

Juristic Person

Sociology Topical Index & Dictionary - K

Karl Jung

Keynesian Economics

Kinsey Report

Kinship Structure

Knowledge Economy

Knowledge Economy Books

Sociology Topical Index & Dictionary - L

Labeling Theory

Labour Market Segmentation

Labour Theory of Value

Laissez Faire

Lateral Integration

Law Definition

Left Libertarianism

Left Realism

Legitimation Crisis

Leisure & Sport

Leninism

Level of Measurement

Liberalism

Libertarianism

Lifestyle/Exposure Theory

Longitudinal Research

Longitudinal Studies

Looking Glass Self

Lorenz Curve

Lower-Class Culture

Luddites

Sociology Topical Index & Dictionary - M

Macho, or machismo

Macro-perspective

Mafia

Magic

Majority

Malthusian crisis

Managerial revolution

Market economy

Marshall inquiry

Marxism

Marxism And Darwinism

Marxist feminism

Masculine female

Masculinization

Mask Work

Mass culture

Mass destruction terrorism and WMD

Mass media

Mass society

Master status

Matriarchy

Matrilineal Descent

Matrilineal societies

Matrilocal residence

Maturational reform

Mccarthyism

Mcjob

Mcworld

Me

Mean

Means test

Measure of crime

Mechanical solidarity

Median

Medical tourism and Health tourism

Medieval period

Medium is the message

Member

Membership Categorization

Mens rea

Mercantilism

Meritocracy

Meta-analysis

Metanarrative

Method

Methodological holism

Methodological individualism

Methodology

Metropolis-hinterland theory

Micro and Macro Sociology

Micro-perspective

Middle class

Military Dictatorship

Middle-class measuring rod

Millennium

Ministerial responsibility

Minority group

Minority Problems

Miscegenation

Misogyny

Mobility, social

Mode

Mode of production

Modeling

Modernization theory

Monarchy, constitutional

Monetarism

Monetary policy

Monogamy

Monopoly

Monozygotic twins

Montreal massacre

Moral development theory

Moral Economy

Moral Entrepreneurs

Moral Panic

Moral Pluralism

Moral Rhetoric

Moral Rights And Copyrights

Motivated offenders

Mulatto

Multiculturalism

Multinational corporation

Multivariate analysis

Mundane Reasoning

Mutual conversion

Mystification

Myth

Mythosociology

Sociology Topical Index & Dictionary - N

Nation

Nationalism

Nationalization

Native Indians

Natural Attitude

Nazism

Necessary Condition

Negotiation of Criminal Status

Neocolonialism

Neo-Conservatism

Neolocal Residence

Net Widening

Network

New Deal

Nomothetic

Norms

Nothing Works

Null Hypothesis

Nuremberg Trials

Sociology Topical Index & Dictionary - O

Objectivity

Occupational Crime

Occupational Distance

Occupational Structure

Oligarchy

Oligopoly

One Big Union

One-Percenter

Open Class Ideology

Operant Conditioning

Operationalization

Operationally Defined

Opportunity Structure

Organic Solidarity

Organization

Organizational Crime

Organizational Culture

Organized Crime

Overrepresentation

Sociology Topical Index & Dictionary - P

Pan-indianism

Panel Study

Paradigm

Paradigm Shift

Parallel Cousins

Parallel Cousins vs Cross Cousins

Paramount Chieftanship

Participatory Research

Passing off and trade marks law

Patentability

Patent Infringement

Patent Law

Patent Law Treaties

Patriarchy

Patrilineal Descent

Patrilocal Residence

Patrimony

Pattern Variables

Pay Equity

Penitentiary

Penology

Per Capita

Petite Bourgeoisie

Phenomenological Sociology

Philip Zimbardo

Physical Anthropology

Physiological approach to Terrorism

Piltdown Man

Pink Collar

Pink Collar Crime

Pink-collar Ghetto

Plant Varieties Law

Pluralism

Plutocracy

Polarization of Classes

Police Culture

Political Crime

Political Policing

Political Socialization

Political Sociology

Politics

Polity

Polyandry

Polygamy

Polygyny

Popular Culture

Population Index

Population Studies And Demography

Positive Deviance

Positive School

Positivism

Post-Critical Criminology

Post-industrial thesis

Post Sale Restrictions

Postmodern

Postmodernism

Potlatch

Power

Power-Control Theory

Pre-Experimental Design

Prejudice

Presentation of Self

Prevalence

Primary Deviance

Primary Labour Market

Primitive Communism

Primitive Society

Prison Subculture

Prisonization

Private Domain - Sphere

Private Sector

Privatization

Probability Sample

Problematic

Procedural Law

Profession

Progressive Taxation

Progressivism

Proportional Taxation

Protestant Ethic

Protestantism

Psychoanalysis

Psychological Reductionism

Psychopaths

Public Domain

Public Health Model

Public Images of Crime

Public Sector

Punishment

Sociology Topical Index & Dictionary - Q

Qualitative Research

Quantitative Analysis

Quantitative Research

Quasi-Experiment

Queer Culture

Quasi-Realism

Sociology Topical Index & Dictionary - R

Race

Racism

Radical Feminism

Randomized testing

Rate

Rational Choice Theory

Rationalization

Reaction Formation

Reference Group

Reflexivity

Regression (analysis/line)

Regressive Taxation

Rehabilitative Ideal

Reification

Reinforcement

Relative Autonomy

Reliability

Religiosity

Religious Right

Republic

Reserve Army of Labour

Resocialization

Restructuring

Retribution

Reverse Discrimination

Right-libertarianism

Right of Publicity

Rites of Passage

Ritual

Role

Role Convergence

Role Distancing

Role Playing

Role Strain

Role Theory, Gender

Role-Taking, Reflexive

Romani Customs and Traditions

Routine-Activity Theory

Rule of Law

Rural Sociology

Russia - St. Nicholas of Myra

Russian Revolution

Sociology Topical Index & Dictionary - S

Sacred-Profane

Sample

Sampling

Sampling Error

Sampling Frame

Sanction

Sapir Whorf Bibliography

Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis

Scientific Management

Scientific Method

Secondary Deviance

Secondary Labour Market

Secondary Sexual Characteristics

Sect

Secularization

Self-actualization

Self-Control

Self-Government

Self-Report Studies

Self-Reported Delinquency

Separation of Powers

Sequential Analysis

Serf

Service Economy

Sex

Sex Typing

Sexism

Sexting

Sexual Dimorphism

Sexual Division of Labour

Shifting Agriculture

Sigmund Freud

Signifier

Silent Spring

Situational Crime Prevention

Slavery

Social Anthropology or cultural anthropology

Social Bond

Social Capital

Social Change

Social Class

Social Construction of Reality

Social Contract Theory

Social Customs And Traditions

Social Control

Social Control Theory

Social Darwinism

Social Democracy

Social Disorganization Theory

Social Economy

Social Intervention Programs

Social Integration

Social Maps

Social Mobility

Social Movement

Social Planning

Social Power

Social Problems

Social Psychology

Social Reaction Theory

Social Relations of Production

Social Stratification

Social Structure

Socialism

Socialist Feminism

Socialization

Society

Society and Atheism

Socio-Economic Development

Sociobiology

Socioeconomic Status

Sociological Imagination

Sociological Methodology

Sociological Theories

Sociologists

Sociology and Literature

Sociology as a Career

Sociology Books

Sociology of Children and Childhood

Sociology Index And Dictionary

Sociology of Leisure and Sport

Sociology of Knowledge

Sociology of Religion

Somatotypes

Sonny Bono CTEA

Soul

Sovereignty

Speciesism

Specific Deterrence

Specific Land Claims

Spirit of Capitalism

Sponsored Mobility

Spuriousness

Sputnik

Stalinism

State

State Capitalism

Statistical School

Statistically Significant

Statistics

Status

Status Ascribed

Status Indian

Status Offence

Status Achieved

Statutes

Stereotype

Stigma

Stigmata

Stonewall Inn

Stonewall Riot

Strain

Stratification

Stratocracy

Streaming

Structural Explanation

Structural Functionalism

Structuralism (French)

Structuralist Approach

Structuration

Subcultural Transmission

Subculture

Subjectivism

Sufficient Condition

Suffrage

Suicide: Altruistic Suicide, Egoistic Suicide, Anomic Suicide, Fatalistic Suicide

Summary Offense

Superego

Superstructure

Surplus

Surplus Value

Sustainable Development

Sweat of the Brow Doctrine

Symbolic Analyst

Symbolic Communications

Symbolic Interactionism

Syndicalism

Systemic and Empirical Approach 

Sociology Topical Index & Dictionary - T

Taboo

Target Suitability

Technocracy

Technophile

Technophobia

Terrorism

Terrorism - analysing causes of terrorism

Terrorism for National Liberation

Terrorist Groups

Textual Analysis

Theory

Theocracy

Third World

Token Economy

Tort

Tory

Totalitarianism

Trade Secrets Law

Trade Mark Law

Trade Mark Case Law

Trade Mark Dilution

Trade Mark Infringement

Traditional knowledge

Transnational Corporations

Transsexual

Transvestitism

Triads

Tribalism

True Experiment

Truman Doctrine

Tudor

Type 1 Error

Type 2 Error

Typification

Typology

Sociology Topical Index & Dictionary - U

Underclass

Unilineal Descent

Unit of Analysis

Univariate Analysis

Universality

Urban Sociology

Urbanism

Utilitarianism

Utility Model Laws

Utterances

Sociology Topical Index & Dictionary - V

Validity

Values

Variables

Veganism

Veganism Books and Reviews

Verstehen

Vertical-horizontal-integration

Vertical integration

Vertical Social Mobility

Victimization Survey

Victimless Crime

Violent Predators

Visible Minorities

Sociology Topical Index & Dictionary - W

War Crimes

What Motivates Terrorists

Web Sociology

White-Collar Crime

WIPO Copyright Treaty

WIPO Mediation Rules

Whorf-Sapir Hypothesis

Women's Liberation Theory

Women's Movements

Working Class

Works Made For Hire

World Sociology Departments

World Systems Theory

Sociology Topical Index & Dictionary - X

Xenophobia

Xinhai Chinese Revolution

X-Theory

Sociology Topical Index & Dictionary - Y

Yankee-Cowboy Thesis

Yellow Dog Contract

Youthful Offender System C-DOC-YOS

Y-Theory

Yuppie

Sociology Topical Index & Dictionary - Z

Zeitgeist

Zimbardo

Zoning Laws

Z-Theory

Zero Sum Game

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